New Vocabulary Words – Test on 2/27

Vocabulary Set 10

 

  • quadrilateral ~ a polygon with four sides and four angles
  • polygon ~ a closed figure with three or more straight lines
  • equivalent ~ the same or equal
  • verify – to prove something or to make sure something is true

 

Example: Mom decided to call the school to verify that we were getting out early the next day.

 

  • predict– to guess what will happen in the future

 

Example: Because Anna seems sorry for hurting my feelings, I predictthat she would soon apologize.

 

  • characteristic – a feature or quality of someone or something

 

Example: Her kind, caring, and giving characteristics cause her to have many friends.

 

  • prefix– a group of letters added before a word or base to change its meaning and form a new word.
  • root word– the part of a word that carries the meaning and has no added parts.
  • suffix– a group of letters added to the end of a word or base to change its meaning and form a new word.
  • first person point of view– the point of view in which the narrator tells the story based on his/her specific knowledge or views

 

Words like:   I, me, we, us

 

  • third person point of view– the point of view written as if the author is observing the events of the story.

 

Words like: he, she, they, them

 

  • genre- a category of writing based on form, technique, or content.
  • biography – an account of a person’s life, written by someone else

 

Example: Martin’s Big Words  (The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.) by Doreen  Rappaport

 

  • autobiography – an account of someone’s life, written by THAT person

 

Example: The Diary of a Young Girl (a book about Anne Frank) written by Anne Frank

  1. unfamiliar– not familiar; unknown

Example: The pair of socks looked very unfamiliar to her; she had no clue who they belonged to.

New Vocabulary Words: Test on 1/16

Vocabulary–Set 7

 

1. Figurative language- word or phrase that doesn’t have the same basic everyday meaning**figuratively speaking; not literally

Examples of figurative  language include: onomatopoeias (sounds),  similes (comparison between two things using “like” or “as”), metaphors (comparing two thing NOT using “like” or “as”),  idioms (I have butterflies in my stomach/ It’s raining cats and dogs), hyperboles (I have asked you that a thousand times), personification (The wind whispered), etc.

2. simile – a comparison between 2 unlike things using “like” or “as”

Example: She was as clever as a fox.

3. metaphor- a directly stated comparison without using “like” or “as”

Example: Our defensive line was a rock wall last night.

4. onomatopoeia – the sound suggest the meaning (the attempt to spell out a sound)

Examples: boom, bang, growl, buzz, meow

**We heard the hiss of the snake and the buzz of the bees.

5. personification – giving human characteristics to inanimate objects or animals

Examples: The wind softly whispered in our ears. The leaves danced in the tree.

6. alliteration – The repetition of the same sounds or letter at the beginning of each (or most) of the words in a sentence.

Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.

Ann ate anxiously as she waited her for Aunt Angie to arrive.

7. hyperbole – extreme exaggeration (to make something greater or worse than it really is)

Examples: I’ve told you a million times. I have a ton of homework. If I don’t get a puppy, I’ll die.

8. idiom – a phrase which has a different meaning than the literal meanings of each word.

Examples: Hold your horses, a piece of cake, give it a shot

9. stanza – a group of lines forming a unit in a poem (like a paragraph)

**2 line stanza is a couplet,

**4 line stanza is a quatrain

Example of a STANZA from Jack Prelutsky’s Be Glad Your Nose is on Your Face

“Be glad your nose is on your face,

not pasted on some other place,

for if it were where it is not,

you might dislike your nose a lot.”

10. rhythm – the beat in a poem *Nursery rhymes usually have rhythm.

Example: “Mary had a little lamb…”

“Twinkle, twinkle, little star…”

11. rhyme – two or more words which match in the same last sound

Example: cat/bat or flew/grew

12. mood – the feeling of a poem (could be pride, peace, sadness, fear, love, anger, etc.)

13. repetition – using a key word or phrases several times throughout a poem (used to emphasize or help the reader understand the topic better)

Example: Shel Silverstein’s Early Bird

Oh, if you’re a bird, be an early bird

And catch the worm for your breakfast plate.

If you’re a bird, be an early early bird-

But if you’re a worm, sleep late.

14. couplet – two-line stanzas that rhyme

Example:  Don’t tell snow not to snow,

                Don’t tell weeds not to grow.

15. sensory language – details from the five senses to add detail and depth to writing.

Example from Maya Angelou’s I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings:

They were flat round wafers, slightly browned on the edges and butter-yellow in the center

Vocabulary test Friday, December 5th

*Just a quick reminder that the vocabulary test is THIS Friday this week.*

Vocabulary Set 6

 

  1. formal – formal language is proper, official, legal, and grammatically correct like used in textbooks, newspapers, etc.

Examples: The car you purchased is quite nice.  Please turn that in as soon as possible (NOT ASAP)

  1. informal – informal language is everyday language that is casual and relaxed with no strict rules like used in e-mail, texting, Facebook, etc. **may use slang or abbreviations like ASAP

Examples: better late than never, chill out, that car of yours is sick, cool

  1. express – to tell someone about an opinion or feeling by speaking or writing it

Please express yourself by using informal language in your e-mail.

  1. plot – the sequence of actions or events in a play or story

  2. theme-  the central message of the story (the heart of the story)

  3. drama- a play for theater, radio, or television

I definitely want to be involved in the drama club when I enter middle school.

  1. scene – small division of a play within an act that marks a change of characters, place or action.

There were eight scenes in the play that my group was acting out.

  1. dialogue- two or more people speaking to one another on stage

The dialogue between the two characters made us laugh hysterically.

  1. stage directions – an instruction written into the script of a play, indicating stage actions or movements of performers

The narrator was told NOT to read the stage directions aloud when narrating the play.

  1. scenery -part of the set that shows the location of the scene or play, usually on the backdrop

Because of their artistic talents, the scenery for our play was absolutely gorgeous!

 

  1. product –  answer to a multiplication problem

 

New Vocabulary Words!

New vocabulary words were sent home that will be tested on Friday, November 14th. We will be using these words in class throughout the next couple of weeks and making them part of our vocabulary in the classroom. Also, an attachment of the vocabulary words will be posted on my calendar if you need to print out an extra copy.

 

Vocabulary Set 5

 

  1. justify –  to provide evidence or give reasons (PROOF)

  2. author –  the creator of written work

  3. illustrator – an artist who makes the pictures that go along with the text (words)

  4. media – a means of communicating information

Examples: newspaper, television, radio, billboard, Internet

  1. graphic –  a visual image such as a diagram, illustration, symbol, drawing, photograph, or graph

http://thisdynamiclifeblog.wordpress.com

 

  1. advertise –  to call attention to a product; to announce or give praise to a particular product

  2. advertisement techniques –  a method used to draw people to your product

Examples: Catchy slogans such as Burger King’s “Have It Your Way”, logos, promotion, repetition, catchy jingle (song),  and exaggeration

  1. message – a theme, lesson, or moral

  2. slogana word or phrase used by a business to attract attention

    Example:“Like a good neighbor, State Farm is there.”

  1. logo – a symbol or picture that is used to identify a company

    Example:

     

11.    product– answer to a multiplication problem

 

12.    matter– anything that takes up space

 

13.    solid– a form of matter that takes up a specific amount of space and has a definite shape

 

14.    liquid– a form of matter that has volume that stays the same, but can change its shape

 

15.    gas– a form of matter that does not have a definite shape or a definite volume

New Vocabulary! 10/20-10/31

Vocabulary Set 4

Test on October 31st

1. author’s purpose –   the reason an author decides to write about a specific topic

The three main purposes we will discuss in class are PIE (persuade, inform, and entertain).  BE ABLE TO TELL THE PURPOSE OF A PARTICULAR PARAGRAPH.

2.  purpose –  a plan, cause, or reason for something

3. persuade – used to convince or influence  **the author will give facts or examples to support his/her opinion

****Examples might include advertisements, commercials, newspaper editorials, etc.

Example of an author trying to persuade you:

You certainly shouldn’t watch too much television because it’s a waste of time, there’s too much violence shown, and you miss valuable time with friends and family.

4. inform – to give important information by supplying facts; the facts are used to teach, NOT to persuade.

****Examples might include textbooks, cookbooks, newspapers, encyclopedias, school newsletters, research papers, instructions, maps, graphs, etc.

Example of an author informing the reader:

While on vacation, our family experienced seeing a beluga whale. We knew it was a rare opportunity, so we felt blessed. Our tour guide told us that the beluga, or white whale, is one of the smallest species of whales. Their unique color and rounded foreheads make them easily identifiable. We also learned that they have no dorsal fin.

5.   entertain –  to tell a story or describe real or imaginary characters, places, and events (can be humorous to make the readers laugh and makes the reader feel emotions like happy, scared, sad, etc.)

****Examples might include fictional stories, poems, stories, plays, comic strips, jokes, riddles, etc.

Example of an author entertaining the reader:

One time my friends and I went to Six Flags.  We rode almost every ride in the amusement park. Our favorite ride was Mr. Freeze. I thought I was going to faint when I realized it also went backwards.

6.  justify –  to provide evidence or give reasons for (PROOF)

7. main idea –  A main idea is important information that tells more about the overall idea of a paragraph or section of a text.

8. details – specific details that support the main idea

9.  cause – an event or action that causes something else to happen

BECAUSE THE GIRL WAS COLD (CAUSE), she turned up the heat (effect).

10. effect – An event or action that happened as a result of another event or action.

It answers the question “what happened?”

I was hungry (cause), SO I ATE (EFFECT).

Math Words:

  1. bar graph – a graph that shows data using bars

  2. frequency table – a table that shows data using numbers

  3. sum – the answer to an addition problem

  4. pictograph – a graph that shows data using pictures or symbols

 

Science Word:

  1. life cycle – a series of changes that something goes through during its life

New Vocabulary Words

Today we are sending home new vocabulary words to be tested on NEXT Friday, October 3rd. I am also attaching a copy of the vocabulary words page to my calendar at the top of my blog for easy access and printing options. You will see it under todays date and a link will be on the event to view a copy. We will be using these words regularly during class these next couple of weeks and will be doing several activities to prepare us for the vocabulary test. If you have any questions please feel free to call or email me at any time and I will answer as soon as I have the opportunity. 🙂 Thank you!!

 

Math Vocabulary:

Boundary Numbers— the numbers that the identified number comes between

Mid-Point Number— the number in the middle of the boundary numbers

Equal— two numbers or values that are the same

Greater than— a number that is higher than another number (>)

Less than— a number that is lower than another number (<)

Compare— explaining how something is similar (the same) or different

Reading Vocabulary:

Summary— explaining the beginning, middle, and end points of a story briefly

Sequence— putting items or steps in order in the way they should occur
Sequencing words: then, last, next, finally, first, also, to begin

Schema— what you already know, your prior knowledge

Evidence— clues or solid material to prove an answer

Point of View— the way of looking or thinking of something, who the reader is experiencing the story through
First Person— includes pronouns like “I” and “we”, story seen through one character

Third Person–includes pronouns like “he”, “she”, or “they”, the narrator is not a part of the story

Inference/Draw Conclusion—the process of using what we know and read to learn more than what the author tells us

Character Traits—specific adjectives that would describe a character

Science/Social Studies:

Landforms— a natural feature of Earth’s surface

Climate— specific weather conditions for a certain areaBoundary Numbers- the numbers that the