Vocabulary Set 4
Test on October 31st
1. author’s purpose – the reason an author decides to write about a specific topic
The three main purposes we will discuss in class are PIE (persuade, inform, and entertain). BE ABLE TO TELL THE PURPOSE OF A PARTICULAR PARAGRAPH.
2. purpose – a plan, cause, or reason for something
3. persuade – used to convince or influence **the author will give facts or examples to support his/her opinion
****Examples might include advertisements, commercials, newspaper editorials, etc.
Example of an author trying to persuade you:
You certainly shouldn’t watch too much television because it’s a waste of time, there’s too much violence shown, and you miss valuable time with friends and family.
4. inform – to give important information by supplying facts; the facts are used to teach, NOT to persuade.
****Examples might include textbooks, cookbooks, newspapers, encyclopedias, school newsletters, research papers, instructions, maps, graphs, etc.
Example of an author informing the reader:
While on vacation, our family experienced seeing a beluga whale. We knew it was a rare opportunity, so we felt blessed. Our tour guide told us that the beluga, or white whale, is one of the smallest species of whales. Their unique color and rounded foreheads make them easily identifiable. We also learned that they have no dorsal fin.
5. entertain – to tell a story or describe real or imaginary characters, places, and events (can be humorous to make the readers laugh and makes the reader feel emotions like happy, scared, sad, etc.)
****Examples might include fictional stories, poems, stories, plays, comic strips, jokes, riddles, etc.
Example of an author entertaining the reader:
One time my friends and I went to Six Flags. We rode almost every ride in the amusement park. Our favorite ride was Mr. Freeze. I thought I was going to faint when I realized it also went backwards.
6. justify – to provide evidence or give reasons for (PROOF)
7. main idea – A main idea is important information that tells more about the overall idea of a paragraph or section of a text.
8. details – specific details that support the main idea
9. cause – an event or action that causes something else to happen
BECAUSE THE GIRL WAS COLD (CAUSE), she turned up the heat (effect).
10. effect – An event or action that happened as a result of another event or action.
It answers the question “what happened?”
I was hungry (cause), SO I ATE (EFFECT).
bar graph – a graph that shows data using bars
frequency table – a table that shows data using numbers
sum – the answer to an addition problem
pictograph – a graph that shows data using pictures or symbols
life cycle – a series of changes that something goes through during its life